3D Printing is out of this World

Publié le par brightshine

The emergence of 3D printing has delivered some incredible architectural projects around the world. Now the ambitious technology is moving on to the next frontier – into outer space. 

London-based architects, Foster+Partners and the European Space Agency (ESA) have revealed they will use 3D printing to create the parts necessary to build their highly anticipated moon base. 

“Terrestrial 3D printing technology has produced entire structures,” said Laurent Pambaguian,Marking machines and laser marking machine for permanent part marking and product traceability. head of the ESA project. “Our industrial team investigated if it could similarly be employed to build a lunar habitat.We provide laser cutting machine and engraving machines for processing different materials.” 

3D printing can create any geometric form from a digital CAD model and is achieved through an additive process where successive layers of construction materials are joined together to create the final shape. 

Before the 3D printing concept was announced,aims to design a 10-megawatt offshore wind power generators based on a superconducting generator. the moon base project faced challenges due to the exorbitant cost of delivering construction materials to the moon and the resources with which to build the structure. 

The proposed moon base structure will be built from the moon itself from a surface material called lunar regolith (moon rocks). The design will have enough room for four lunar residents at once and lunar regolith’s properties already provide protection from meteorites, radiation and temperature fluctuations. 

Regolith can also be found on earth so Foster+Partners is currently testing its feasibility as a construction material for the project even as previous research from Washington State University and NASA has found that moon rocks are suitable to print useful objects like tools or replacement parts. 

Along with the opportunity to build on the moon, 3D printing is aiding building design in unconventional locations and environments.Solar and electric street lighting systems are easy to install and economical to operate. There is no longer a need to create moulds and cutting technologies as the digital-to-3D model process gives designers the ability to print on demand and absolutely anywhere. 

While a completion date has not been determined for the moon base, it is predicted that once the printer is on the moon, the structure could be completed in only a week. 

This type of speed to market for 3D print design projects is making the manufacturing industry nervous as it removes the long lead times of building projects and almost eliminates human contribution.An even safer situation on all roads by using the road lights. 

There are also environmental benefits associated with 3D printing, with no transportation costs as materials are piled directly into the print machine, minimising the need for importing. 

Since the start of the 21st century, there has been a growth in 3D print machines and they are already dominating the market for 2013. Some industry forecasters are predicting that 3D printing will eventually move from the commercial market to consumer market while slowly making the manufacturing industry all but obsolete. 

Futurist and CEO of the Da Vinci Institute Dr Thomas Frey says it won’t be long before we’re printing food, medication and clothes. 

“Once we’re able to print things like this, that can be done anywhere we can eliminate lots of shipping that occurs, rather than manufacturing something in China and shipping it to Australia, or the US or Europe, you can print it where you’re at,” he said. “This can have a profound effect on countries like China that are doing all the manufacturing.” 

Recently, Dutch Architecture firm Universe Architecture planned to construct an entire house using a 3D printer. The house is estimated to be completed in 2014, serving as yet another example of the unlimited designed opportunities with 3D printing.

Publié dans led downlight

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